Battle of Thermopylae. "Thermopylae Retrieved January 13, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermopylae. The Persian infantry carried a lightweight (often crescent-shaped) wicker shield and were armed with a long dagger or battleaxe, a short spear, and composite bow. In 480 BC,Xerxes I ,son of Darius I of the Achaemenid Persian . Ancient Greece was a large area in the northeast of the Mediterranean Sea, where people spoke the Greek language.It was much bigger than the nation of Greece we know today. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. World Encyclopedia. The Greeks, though, were far from finished, and despite many states now turning over to the Persians and Athens itself being sacked, a Greek army led by Leonidas’ brother Kleombrotos began to build a defensive wall near Corinth. Meanwhile, the Immortals now entered the fray behind the Greeks who retreated to a high mound behind the Phokian wall. Cavalry, usually operating on the flanks of the main battle, were used to mop up opposing infantry put in disarray after they had been subjected to repeated salvos from the archers. ELIZABETH KNOWLES "Thermopylae It derives its name from its hot sulphur springs. When news of the invading force reached Greece, the initial Greek reaction was to send a force of 10,000 hoplites to hold position at the valley of Tempē near Mt. It was the site of the Battle of Thermopylae, at which the Spartan King Leonidas stood off, for a … In ancient times it was used as an entrance into Greece from the north. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 16 April 2013 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. 13 Jan. 2021 . The battle was fought for over three days, at … Thermopylae, narrow pass on the east coast of central Greece between the Kallídhromon massif and the Gulf of Maliakós, about 85 miles (136 km) northwest of Athens (Athína). Encyclopedia.com. Its name, meaning “hot Primarily known for … Thermopylae thərmŏp´ĭlē [Gr.,=hot gates, from hot mineral springs nearby], pass, E central Greece, SE of Lamía, between the cliffs of Mt. 1. Thermopylae is a location in Greece where a narrow coastal passage existed in antiquity. Thermopylae is a mountain pass near the sea in northern Greece which was the site of several battles in antiquity, the most famous being that between Persians and Greeks in August 480 BCE. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Thermopylae. Blogs 1. Hornblower, Simon & Spawforth, Antony & Eidinow, Esther. . The first mentioned Amphictyony centered on the cult of Demeter at the city Anthela in the locality of Thermopylae. The battle would take on mythical status amongst the Greeks, but in reality it was merely the opening overture of a long war with several other battles making up the principal acts. Then after much discussion and compromise between Greek city-states, suspicious of each others' motives, a joint army of between 6,000 and 7,000 men was sent to defend the pass at Thermopylae through which the Persians must enter mainland Greece. Cartwright, M. (2013, April 16). ." a famous battle in 480 BC; a Greek army under Leonidas was annihilated by the Persians who were trying to conquer Greece A narrow pass on the East-central coast of Greece adjacent to the Maliakos Gulf, northwest of Athens. Leonidas was in charge of the Greek forces; Xerxes of the Persians. The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 BC, was a battle in the second Persian invasion of Greece. Thermopylae was an excellent choice for defence with mountains running down into the sea leaving only a narrow pass along the coast. All Free. The Battle of Thermopylae was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas I of Sparta, and the Achaemenid Empire of Xerxes I. Warfare & Battles in Ancient Greece. Blogs 1. At close quarters, the longer spears, heavier swords, better armour, and rigid discipline of the phalanx formation meant that the Greek hoplites would have all of the advantages, and in the narrow confines of the terrain, the Persians would struggle to make their vastly superior numbers tell. Books 3. [intr.] Thermopyle synonyms, Thermopyle pronunciation, Thermopyle translation, English dictionary definition of Thermopyle. The spectacle of drama in ancient Greece; Piracy in ancient Greece; Thermopylae became the archetype for the courageous last stand. In modern times, it has been used and abused as the yardstick for courageous sacrifice against the odds. The Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led by Leonidas . A narrow strip of coast at the foot of a range of mountains in east-central Greece. It is my duty to do it," she declares. Cartwright, Mark. It was the site of the Battle of Thermopylae, at which the Spartan King Leonidas stood off, for a time, the Persian armies of Xerxes. Of all the characters and incidents of ancient Greek history, none played such a central part in this tradition as those involved in the Battle of Thermopylae of 480 B.C., so that by the very eve of the Greek revolution in 1821 Byron could call on his contemporaries to ‘make a new Thermopylae’. DICTIONARY.COM Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. It was the site of the Battle of Thermopylae, at which the Spartan King Leonidas stood off, for a time, the Persian armies of Xerxes. Encyclopedia.com. Thermopylae is a mountain pass near the sea in northern Greece which was the site of several battles in antiquity, the most famous being that between Persians and Greeks in August 480 BCE. Definitions 4. Meanwhile at Artemision, the Persians were battling the elements rather than the Greeks, as they lost 400 triremes in a storm off the coast of Magnesia and more in a second storm off Euboea. Proper ] a narrow coastal passage existed in antiquity they could in the Ionian revolt 13! ] a narrow pass on the East-central coast of Greece, from the archaic period of the battle finally... 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