One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small city-states and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. How Did Mesopotamia's Geography Lead to Its Development?. Socrates' student, Considered the greatest philosopher of Western Civilization. Italy is 600 miles long and 150 miles wide. All real knowledge is already present within each person. This lesson examined the role that the geography and climate of Greece had on the development of the Greek people. Although it is tempting to ascribe Rome's success to its military power or economic might, the geography of … The mountainous terrain led to the creation of independent city-states. Studied under Plato for 20 years. This caused lack of development of Sparta's navy and they paid dearly for it in confrontations with Athens later in history. aim of life focuses on seeking pleasure & avoiding pain; limit desires. National Service:- In Sparta, Athena and in fact, all the Greek city, young men at 18 took Ephebic oath which was an oath of the allegiance to the state.After taking the Ephebic oath the young men went on national service for two years. This geographical position helped Greece become one of the most influential Mediterranean countries more than 2000 years ago. The Acropolis in Athens was home to the iconic Parthenon temple and its remains exist to this day. They defended the political independence of their cities vigorously. Many Southeast Asian . Many Greeks left the mainland and sailed to islands.Ionia or (Ionian Greece)- western shores of Asia Minor, in modern-day Turkey. It was a divisive force in Greek life. 2. What effect did the geography of ancient Greece have on its early development? A lack of natural seaports limited communication. From its numerous aspects of culture to its intricate physical geography and storied military history. miles.Mountains Peninsula with numerous islands. Sparta was a great military-focused civilization and it is most recognized for it. How did the geography of Greece affect its development? The residents took advantage of living bythe sea and became fishermen, traders and sailors. The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. Sparta was a great military-focused civilization and it is most recognized for it. 490 B.C. Two of them were geography and trade. History >> Ancient Greece. History, 09.01.2021 01:00 anonymousanon. Asked By adminstaff @ 29/11/2019 07:57 AM. Chief Gods- found in Homer's poems & on Mount Olympus (the Olympians). Find answers now! In fact, Greece did not become a … First, Greece has easy access to water. 1. Greek geography helped keep communities small. Trojan War: Great war fought between the Greeks and the Trojans. 2. During this bickering and fighting, Greeks didn't realize Macedonia to the North was gaining power. I know that a polis is a city-state, and that it main role in greek society was to give people a place to exchange ideas etc. They were sailors The mountains in Greece did not have fertile soil good for growing crops, like in Mesopotamia, but the mild climate allowed for some farming. How Did Mesopotamia's Geography Lead to Its Development?. Depending on the resources available or the detriments present due to certain topographical characteristics like rivers or deserts, a civilization could flourish or collapse. how did the geography of Greece contribute to its development? However, many other things helped the Spartans become so successful, one such thing was its geography. The record highest temperatures in the country were recorded in Tatoi and Elefsina … Which of the following is not a common characteristic of agricultural villages throughout the world? miles.Mountains Peninsula with numerous islands. Throughout Greek History, geography played a major role in the development of Greek culture. Just as the Nile shaped Egypt, so too did the unique geography of Greece help to shape one of the most enduring cultures in history. The temples and government buildings were often built on the top of a hill, or acropolis. Most of the country has a Mediterranean climate. Ways in Which Geography Impacted Rome's Development. And the answers are: A. Major landforms range from sloping hills in the east, suitable for growing grapes for wine and olives for oil, all the way to rocky outreaches in the north and west, such as Mount Olympus itself, the mythological home of the Greek gods. While the region was widely occupied by humans as early as 12,000 B.C.E., historians believe that large civilizations began … Ancient Rome is located in Italy, Europe, near the Mediterranean Sea. B. She had been carried to Troy by Paris, a prince of Troy. The history of ancient Greece is in many ways the story of how environment and geography shaped the ways that communities and individuals interacted with each other. essay: describe the 3 schools & philosophies: skepticism. The economy of ancient Greece was defined largely by the region's dependence on imported goods. At just over 9,500 feet, Mount Olympus is almost as tall as Mount Hood in Oregon. For Greece, it was easier to stay as individual city-states that engaged in trade and would come to each other's aid in times of crisis. Geography; How did it contribute to Athens' fall? Population expansion accompanied an increase in production as marginal lands were brought under cultivation, and trade with major and minor Italian mercantile centres flourished. 3. 3. in early Greek city-states, a fortified gathering place at the top of a hill that was sometimes the site of temples and public buildings, a wall of shields created by foot soldiers marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation, "the rule of many"; government by the people, either directly or through their elected representatives, in ancient Sparta, a captive person who was forced to work for the conqueror, in ancient Athens, the process for temporarily banning ambitious politicians from the city by popular vote, in ancient Greece, a sacred shrine where a god or goddess was said to reveal the future through a priest or priestess, a form of drama that portrays a conflict between the protagonist and a superior force and having a protagonist who is brought to ruin or extreme sorrow, especially as a result of a fatal flaw, the school of thought developed by the philosopher Epicurus in Hellenistic Athens; it held that happiness is the chief goal in life, and the means to achieve happiness was the pursuit of pleasure, the school of thought developed by the teacher Zeno in Hellenistic Athens; it says that happiness can be achieved only when people gain inner peace by living in harmony with the will of God and that people should bear whatever life offers. The section provides all the information you need to understand the geography of Greece.. Greece is a peninsular and mountainous country located in Southern-Eastern Europe, in the Balkans peninsula, and has a land area of 128,900 km2 (49,769 sq. Concept that a hero strives for excellence while protecting his family and friends. The country has the largest coastline in Europe (13,676km) due to its numerous islands. a long poem that tells the deeds of a great hero, such as the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer, in early Greece, the qualities of excellence that a hero strives to win in a struggle or contest, the early Greek city-state, consisting of a city or town and its surrounding countryside, an early Greek city-states, an open area that served as a gathering place and as a market, a ruler who seized power by force from the aristocrats, gained support from the newly rich and the poor, and maintained power by using hired soldiers and fighting tactics, "the rule of the few"; a form of government in which a select group of people exercises control. Social Studies. T here were many factors that affected the development of Greece. Answers: 1 Get Other questions on the subject: Social Studies. Regions around the Pindus Mountains experience frigid cold winters with snow due to their proximity to the towering mountains. Greece being a mountainous region created natural barriers and division for the city/states of Greek civilization. miles). Ancient Greece: For much of ancient Greek history, the people were divided into various city-states. The geographic features of Greece isolated the area, especially in ancient times. essay: describe the 3 schools & philosophies: epicureanism. Mesopotamia, centered in modern-day Iraq, is regarded as the birthplace of civilization. what were the primary characteristics of art in greek society? Well Ancient Greece was made of hundreds of small islands and mainland regions that spanned across the Aegean, Mediterranean and Ionian seas. a. The land contains countless scattered islands, deep harbors, and a network of small rivers. Located in southern Europe, Greece is made up of the mainland and hundreds of small islands spread throughout the Ioanian, Aegean, and Mediterranean Seas. While the region was widely occupied by humans as early as 12,000 B.C.E., historians believe that large civilizations began in … Much of Southeast Asia is separated from the rest of Asia by high mountains, making it a difficult place to invade. The history of ancient Greece is in many ways the story of how environment and geography shaped the ways that communities and individuals interacted with each other. Geography; How did it contribute to Athens' fall? The geography that had the most effect on Greece included the climate, the sea, and the mountains. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings. A) It had little impact on the development of Greek society. Traditionally,they have grown barley, wheat, olives, grapes and raise sheep. 1 Answers. How did greece’s geography affect its development. Persian king, wanted to invade Greece, his army included 180,000 troops, thousands of warships/ supplies, athenian & spartans defended spartans. Can't tolerate each others system. Other early Greek maps show the world as divided into two continents—Asia and Europe. Due to Athens' limited access to resources, and the fact that it was separated from he rest of Greece by mountains, Athens depended on overseas trade for timber, precious metals. What role did geography play in its development? Mountains isolated Greek civilizations from one another.Led to independence as well as fighting each other to … An inland location hindered trade and colonization. How did geography contribute to Greece's development as a group of individual city-states? Ostracism. 1. Political Geography Europe’s long history and economic progress have been shaped by its political geography. It motivated trade and colonization so they could get what they didn’t have enough of at home. On the west… Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 BCE, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BCE. Greece is located in Southern Europe, bordering the Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey.It is a peninsular country, with an archipelago of about 3,000 islands. sparta:Conquerors, means- highly self-disciplined.Oligarchy- 2 kings.Isolation on purpose to make their new military state secure. Starting in the 8th century BC, colonies were eventually founded all over the Mediterranean, from Naples in Italy, to Marseilles in France, Cyrene in Northern Africa, Byzantium, close to the Black Sea, and numerous cities all along the western coast of modern-day Turkey. Aeolian Greeks colonized on the large island of Lesbos. Solve the equation x+1=x+1. 1 Answers. Socratic Method- question and answer format to see things for themselves using their own reasoning skills. Ultimately, geography shaped Greek history in different ways. essay: describe the 3 schools & philosophies: stoicism. It has a total area of 131,957 km 2 (50,949 sq mi), of which land area is 130,647 km 2 and internal waters (lakes and rivers) account for 1,310 km 2. Every city was like a separate kingdom with its own economy, army and interests. Perhaps in Nigeria the ideal of the National youth service corps must have been a legacy from Greek education. History. B. It led to the development of individual communities, rather than one country. IIiad & the Odyssey:Homer used stories of the Trojan War to compose his work. Greece occasionally had a warm climate, winters would be mild and rainy, and the summers would be hot, and somewhat dry. They also depended on food for trade as the area around Athens did not have much usable farmland. 1. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization. Let us have a look at some of the contributions of this ancient civilization to the modern world. The mountainous topography of the Greek Peninsula had an enormous impact on its political development because it isolated villages from their neighbors and limited the population size in any one village. … King of Macedonia, united Greece after Peloponnesian War, built one of the strongest armies of his, time,soldiers organized in phalanxes, father of Alexander the Great. 1.How did the geography of Greece affect its development? A lack of natural seaports limited communication. (Grains, vegetables, fruit for local use(Grapes and olive trees were used for wine and olive oil which was used locally and exported. However, there are also microclimates in some regions due to their respective unique geography. How did Southeast Asia’s geography contribute to the region’s economic development? Different societies. The geography also affected the materials the civilization used to build things, and it kept the civilization relatively safe from invasion. 4. Mountains isolated Greek civilizations from one another.Led to independence as well as fighting each other to gain advantages. Geography had an enormous impact on the ancient Greek civilization. Covered with mountains and inlets, it provided many natural barriers that isolated neighboring communities. In addition, the mild climate allowed for many Greeks to become traders and … History. It was comfortable to be outside almost all year, due to this, it made it easier for Greeks to have an outdoor life. The section provides all the information you need to understand the geography of Greece.. Greece is a peninsular and mountainous country located in Southern-Eastern Europe, in the Balkans peninsula, and has a land area of 128,900 km2 (49,769 sq. This isolation both limited the size of most poleis and made large-scale empire difficult, so most communities could control their own destiny. Greeks won the war.Age of Pericles.Direct Democracy, Every male citizen participated in decisions through mass meetings. no define knowledge is possible because everything is always changing. As Greeks spread through the Mediterranean they came into conflict with the Persian Empire to the east. Due to geography… How Did Geography Influence Greek Development? Because of the agricultural advantages of living by the sea, many Greeks chose to develop their farms there. Greece is located in Southern Europe, bordering the Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey.It is a peninsular country, with an archipelago of about 3,000 islands. Geography helped the Greeks triumph over the mighty Persians. Greece was the land of great physical and topographical diversity, which provided an impetus to the growth and de­velopment of physical geography. Greece - Greece - Economic and social developments: In spite of the political instability after 1204, Greece seems to have experienced relative prosperity in the later Byzantine period. Hereof, the country traded with other Mediterranean countries by sea. The Geography of Greece Located in southern Europe, Greece is made up of the mainland and hundreds of small islands spread throughout the Ioanian, Aegean, and Mediterranean Seas. Dorian Greeks established themselves in the Peloponnese and some of the southern Aegean islands. Expressed Greek ideals (harmony, balance, order, moderation). Physical geography. Geography plays a critical role in shaping civilizations, and this is particularly true of ancient Greece. 1 Questions & Answers Place. 2. 4. Sparta and its supporters- Strong Army. How did geography contribute to Greece's development as a group of individual city-states? The bodies of water are the Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. The sea is another important geographical factor that influenced the development of Ancient Greece. The northern part of the country experiences a continental climate with regions near the north going through a transitional Mediterranean-continental climate. 2. what were the philosophical ideas of: plato. First of all, the climate in Greece was very temperate. Glorified human beings (beauty, strength, intelligence, pride, grace, courage).Symbolized people's pride in their city-states. Ways in Which Geography Impacted Rome's Development. Due to Athens' limited access to resources, and the fact that it was separated from he rest of Greece by mountains, Athens depended on overseas trade for timber, precious metals. How did the geography of Greece affect the development of its societies? The Greeks were forced to adapt these characteristics in specific ways. Common identity and common goals. Thousands of years ago, the geography of ancient Greece was divided into three regions - the coastline, the lowlands, and the mountains. The Athenian Acropolis is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. These ideas came largely out of Homer’s works as well as other early Greek literature. how was greek religion an essential part of greek society? First of all, the climate in Greece was very temperate. However, many other things helped the Spartans become so successful, one such thing was its geography. Mountain ranges in Greece caused isolation of city-states, allowed for small areas of land to be cultivated and provided an agriculture barrier, while the water such as the Mediterranean Sea was used to communicated with the outside world. A final reason behind the development of city-states was the Greek aristocracy, who acted to prevent any permanent monarchies from forming. If you were to land in the middle of Greece, the first topographic feature you'd notice is that it's one hilly country. Geography had an enormous impact on the ancient Greek civilization. What is more, the mountains made overland trade practically impossible. They grew barley, wheat, olives, and grapes 2. Related Questions in History. Geography is the study of physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, the study of its people, earth and environment. D) It was a divisive force in Greek life. It also housed the main temples. One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small city-states and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. Social Studies, 21.06.2019 20:10, sadeed00974. As a peninsula, the people of Greece took advantage of living by the sea. Greece is a country in southeastern Europe, known in Greek as Hellas or Ellada, and consisting of a mainland and an archipelago of islands.Ancient Greece is the birthplace of Western philosophy (Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle), literature (Homer and Hesiod), mathematics (Pythagoras and Euclid), history (), drama (Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes), the Olympic Games, and … Asked By adminstaff @ 29/11/2019 07:58 AM. The geography that had the most effect on Greece included the climate, the sea, and the mountains. Being near Aegean sea forced the Greeks to work together in a small city-states. 1. It led to the development of individual communities, rather than one country. It also appealed to their sense of heroism and adventure. What different systems of government did Sparta & Athens have? Order an … Although it is tempting to ascribe Rome's success to its military power or economic might, the geography of the city created the … what events occurred in ancient Greece during the dark age? The geography lended itself to easily defensible plots of land, so that's what happened! The Greek peninsula has two distinctive geographic features that influenced the development of Greek society. Thereof, how did the geography of Greece affect its development? The most notable factors are the mountains, the sea and warm climate that enabled ancient people to grow figs, olives and grapes. A. They also depended on food for trade as the area around Athens did not have much usable farmland. 2.Why was the growth of great empires (like those in Mesopotamia and Egypt) less likely to develop in ancient Greece? The economy of ancient Greece was defined largely by the region's dependence on imported goods. used stories of the Trojan War to compose his work (true story), taught values of courage & honor concept that a hero stories for excellence while protecting his family & friends. Studied under Plato for 20 years, believed analyzing and classifying things based on observation and investigation were the best ways to learn about the nature of the universe. one of the five men elected each year in ancient Sparta who were responsible for the education of youth and the conduct of all citizens. A city-state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece.Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. Physical geography. Basically the climate was dry forcing people to move to the rivers, but the rivers flooded causing havic and chaos if your not prepared. warrior king of the Greek city-state of Sparta. What is Geography? In fact, Greece did not become a country until the 1800s in modern times. Persians under Darius, landed on the plain of Marathon , 26 miles from Athens.Athenian army defeated the Persians and the Persians returned to Asia. the mountains, seas, islands, and climate isolated separated and divided Greece into small groups that became city-states. Expressed Greek belief in combining beauty & usefulness. Political geography is the internal and external relationships between governments, citizens, and territories. TutorsOnSpot.com. It has a total area of 131,957 km 2 (50,949 sq mi), of which land area is 130,647 km 2 and internal waters (lakes and rivers) account for 1,310 km 2. The mountainous terrain led to the creation of independent city-states. divine reason directs the world; learn to accept whatever nature brings. LOGIN TO VIEW ANSWER. How did geography contribute to Greece's development as a group of individual city-states? The country has the largest coastline in Europe (13,676km) due to its numerous islands. How do we know what is real. … As a result any individual who did manage to take over a city could only hope to do so for a short time as a 'tyrant' rather than a king. How did greece’s geography contribute to its need for trad How did greece’s geography contribute to its need for trade? The majority of modern-day society owes its very existence to Greece and its founders. They raised sheep T… Another key factor influencing the formation of city-states rather than kingdoms was the Mediterranean. Learn about him from his students (Plato). No. 1. The ancient Greek maps are important to the history of cartography because they often showed Greece as being at the center of the world and surrounded by an ocean. population: Decline in the population and food production. They were fishermen 2. These colonies remained in contact with their mother cities, and acknowledged their 'blood ties' with them, but in most other respects they soon acted independently of them. Such a calm and easily navigable sea provided the Greeks with an opportunity to found new colonies in times of crisis and overpopulation. Geography and trade affected the development of Greece in positive and negative ways. Was much smaller, about 50,000 sq. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast. The sea allowed the Greeks to trade for food by traveling over water. Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 BCE, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BCE. Conquer the world, spread Greek and Macedonian Culture & Rule, manage an Empire, become a Divine Monarch, ushered in Hellenistic Age (from his death to the Roman conquest of Greece). During the years of 3500 BC to 2500 BC, the geography of a land often impacted a civilizations development in great measures. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization. Not only did the Sumerians deal with crazy rivers, but also had a harsh climate to deal with. B) It enabled a strong central government to dominate the political order. As the climate inland was arid and difficult to work with, whereas the coastal climate was mild, many communities formed around the coast. It was difficult to change the status quo because each city state was difficult to defeat or assimilate. greatest historian of the ancient world, history of thew Peloponnesian war. 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