Deforestation (by humans) and resultant loss of habitat have also served as big factors to their threatened existence. Life Cycle of the Baby Clouded Leopard. Black marking on the fringe and white tone on her hair ends suggest animal origin. Clouded leopards are carnivorous, hunting species such as squirrels, wild pigs, deer, birds and monkeys. Clouded leopards are good swimmers and may have populated small islands off Vietnam and Borneo in this way. They reach sexual maturity at 2.5 years and have a lifespan of between 10 and 15 years when in the wild. Clouded Leopard (The most cat-like of all cats) Scientific Name: Neofelis Nebulosa Formerly: Felis Nebulosa & Panthera Nebulosa* Size: Length: 2.5 - 3 ft. (70-80 cm) Weight: 44-60 lbs. The clouded leopard, along with the Sunda clouded leopard, are the smallest big cats.. They also communicate by leaving marks, scratching on tree trunks. The average lifespan of clouded leopards reaches 11 years in captivity. Lifespan: The gestation period for a Clouded Leopard is 86 to 95 days (about the same as most big cats). Studies have not been conducted regarding diseases that may limit the lifespan of clouded leopards. The female, being almost half the male’s size, is powerless to resist, and would often die. The clouded leopard is a member of the Felidae (cat) family. A curated database of ageing and life history information in animals, including extensive longevity records. A portal of ageing changes covering different biological levels, integrating molecular, physiological and pathological age-related data. Its canine teeth have compensated for its small size by helping it being able to kill fairly larger animals. One captive specimen lived 19.8 years [0671]. They inhabit the grasslands and deserts of Sub-Saharan Africa including West, Central, South and East Africa as well as South East Asia. With a decreasing population trend, the population size is considered to be lesser than 10,000 mature individuals. These cats do not emit a purring sound. Roughly the size of a small leopard, the clouded leopard has the powerful, robust build of a much larger cat. The Clouded leopard and the margay are the only animals that have enough ankle flexibility to be able to climb head first down trees. Because of the difficulty in studying these leopards, not much has been recorded about their eating habits or what they eat. Clouded Leopards have a typical lifespan of 11-15 years in the wild and 17-20 years in captivity. The Sunda Clouded leopard is one of the most secretive cat species on the planet. The litter size of the clouded leopard is one to five, but mostly three. Cubs are independent after 1.5 to 2 years. Hunting. The maximum lifespan is recorded at 17 years. http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/14519/0, http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/clouded-leopard/, http://www.cloudedleopard.org/Documents/factsheet.pdf, http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/clouded_leopard/, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clouded_leopard, https://nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/clouded-leopard, http://www.defenders.org/clouded-leopard/basic-facts, Your email address will not be published. The Clouded Leopards are also known as ‘Mint Leopard’ and ‘Tree. The individuals living on the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Borneo were discovered to be a separate subspecies (Neofelis diardi), and re-classified in 2006. A male will mate with the female several times over a period of days and then leave the female to raise the kittens on her own. The clouded leopard has the largest canines in proportion to body size of any cat. Teeth appear around three weeks. All rights reserved. They can also jump up to a height of 2 m (3.9 ft). The males have large sebaceous glands on their cheeks that they rub onto objects for scent-marking. Clouded leopard spent most of their time in the tree and have great acumen in climbing. Clouded Leopard is a beautiful and colorful cat. They were thought to be highly arboreal that are mainly nocturnal and crepuscular hunters. These cats primarily live in the tropical evergreen rainforests. 12 to 15 years. In that sense, it shares a lot of characteristics with the clouded leopard and some other members of the cat family. Threats for Clouded Leopards. Due to the lack of adequate research life expectancy of a clouded leopard in the wild has not been estimated. It is an excellent swimmer. © 2021 (Animal Spot). Clouded Leopard . They rely on arboreal (locomotion) to move around. A leopard will kill its prey with one swift bite to the neck, breaking it. Cloudeds are most closely related to snow leopards and are now in the same taxonomic subfamily, Pantherinae, as tigers, lions, jaguars, and true leopard species. Family: Felidae. Clouded leopards have the longest canine teeth relative to head and body size of any wild cat. Even basic information such as prey Reproduction is dioecious.They rely on arboreal (locomotion) to move around. This rare felid has a long tail, short and stout legs, large feet, and short, rounded ears. Males will develop faster than females. Deforestation of their natural habitat is one of the most significant threats for the clouded leopard population living in the wild. Your email address will not be published. In captivity, the male-female compatibility is a crucial part. Well-developed crests in their elongated, narrow skull have supported the enlarged jaw muscles. Clouded leopards have lived up to17 years in captivity. Usually 2- 3 cubs are born after a gestation period of 86 to 95 days weighing 170 grams. Clouded leopards may spend a significant amount of time in trees for this reason. This beautiful Asian cat, named for its spotted coat, is seldom seen in the wild, and its habits remain a bit mysterious. Skin/Coat: Short haired that can be tawny to orange-yellow to darker shades of gray and brown, with black ring markings that are dark in the center, with two black bars on the neck. It can climb while hanging upside-down under branches and descend tree trunks head-first. Groups and Breeding. The clouded leopards found in Southeast Asia are genetically different from the Sunda clouded leopards (Neofelis diardi) that dwell in Sumatra and Borneo. The life span of those living in the wild is not known. The captive animals have been recorded to be living up to 17 years. 3. They leave their mother after 3 months. They have the ability to hang down from branches winding the tail around them and grasping them using their hind paws. Clouded Leopard Conservation. 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